— modern ops stuff —
Trimming wtmpx
08 September 2010 // Solaris

We don’t use accounting on our systems, so /var/adm/wtmpx just grows and grows, particularly as a result of monitoring software which runs a lot of remote SSH commands. It’s getting out of hand, and I wanted to clear everything down.

wtmpx is a binary file, so it’s not easy to edit it. I opened it up in a hex editor, and the usernames which begin each record stand out fairly clearly, 372 bytes apart. With that knowledge, it becomes trivial to trim out the last ‘n’ records with dd, setting the block size to 372.

But, I thought it would be smarter to strip out all the logins from the monitoring software, and leave everything else in place. (For now at least.) To do this you need the proper tool, which is fwtmp. It belongs to the SUNWaccu package, and once installed, is found in /usr/lib/acct.

In normal usage fwtmp reads a wtmpx file as its standard in, and outputs a fairly human-readable ASCII file on standard out. Opposite to the output of last, it starts by printing the oldest entries and finishes with the most recent. Invoking with -ic reverses the behaviour, reading that same format ASCII file, and outputting a wtmpx format file.

The output of fwtmp looks like this:

rob  ts/2 pts/2 27863  7 0000 0000 1283268217 707975 0 18 tap-login.localnet Tue Aug 31 16:23:37 2010

And I found the following data structure which explains each field.

struct utmpx
         char    ut_user[32];            /* user login name */
         char    ut_id[4];               /* inittab id */
         char    ut_line[32];            /* device name (console, lnxx) */
         long    ut_pid;                 /* process id */
         short   ut_type;                /* type of entry */
         struct exit_status ut_exit;     /* process termination/exit status */
         struct timeval ut_tv;           /* time entry was made */
         long    ut_session;             /* session ID, used for windowing */
         long    pad[5];                 /* reserved for future use */
         short   ut_syslen;              /* significant length of ut_host */
                                         /*   including terminating null */
         char    ut_host[257];           /* remote host name */
     } ;

Once you’ve got the output of fwtmp, it’s easy to manipulate the contents of wtpmx in whatever way you like. For instance, to strip out the monitor and nagios user entries, I ran:

# cd /var/adm
# /usr/lib/acct/fwtmp < wtmpx | egrep -v "^nagios|^monitor" | /usr/lib/acct/fwtmp -ic >wtmpx.new
# mv wtmpx.new wtmpx