— modern ops stuff —
Getting a file out of a FLAR
22 September 2009 // Solaris

I was looking for some data relating to an old zone we long since decommissioned, and I didn’t want to have to start rummaging through the fire safe for tapes. We had some old flar archives lying about from roughly the time I was looking for, so I thought I’d see if what I wanted was in any of those.

Sun don’t give you anything so convenient as unflar or flar -x, so I had to do a bit of digging. Here’s the recipe.

$ flar info cs-dev-01-2007-10-01.flar
archive_id=19b06a4bfe0b7e7200b8e1329adf06a1
files_archived_method=cpio
creation_date=20071001171819
creation_master=cs-dev-01
content_name=image created Mon Oct 1 18:18:19 BST 2007
creation_node=cs-dev-01
creation_hardware_class=sun4v
creation_platform=SUNW,Sun-Fire-T200
creation_processor=sparc
creation_release=5.10
creation_os_name=SunOS
creation_os_version=Generic_120011-14
files_compressed_method=compress
content_author=take_flar.sh script
content_architectures=sun4v

Right, that’s handy. It tells me that my flar archive is a pretty much a compressed cpio archive. man flar tells me that the split sub-command will split the flar into sections, one of which is something called the “cookie”. Sounds likely that one of those sections will be that cpio archive. Let’s give it a go. The man page also tells me -d will instruct flar to split its files into the named directory.

$ mkdir -p recovery/root
$ flar split -d recovery cs-dev-01-2007-10-01.flar
$ ls -l recovery
-rw-r--r--   1 root     root     165880915 Sep 22 15:21 archive
-rw-r--r--   1 root     root          18 Sep 22 15:21 cookie
-rw-r--r--   1 root     root         487 Sep 22 15:21 identification
drwxr-xr-x   2 root     root           2 Sep 22 15:21 root

It’s pretty plain which one we’re after, so let’s extract it. I’m after quite a bit of stuff, so I think I’ll just dump the whole archive. I’m on a nice fast 3510 with space to burn, after all. Remember, flar info told us the archive was compressed.

$ cd recovery
$ file archive
archive:        compressed data block compressed 16 bits
$ cd root
$ uncompress < ../archive | cpio -id

The last command is written that way because uncompress expects its input to be called something.Z, so rather than rename the file, we’ll just feed it stdin.

Punchline: after all that, what I wanted wasn’t in the flar.

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